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September 08, 2010 - KazInform - Today is the day when Muslims began to receive divine revelations of the holy book the Koran, the last day of the blessed month of Ramadan. Oraza Ayt (Eid-ul-Fitr) holiday begins tomorrow, on September 9. Print E-mail
     This year Oraza Ayt holiday will be celebrated on 9, 10 and 11 September. In the mosques of Astana Ayt Namaz (prayer) will start at 7:00 am.
     The word "Ayt" means "holiday", "festival". This day Muslims, who kept fast during 29 days, primarily go to the mosque for saying a prayer "Ayt Namaz". After listening to the sacred commandments of the Imam in the mosque, people together read Namaz. After reading Namaz, Muslims shake hands, hug and congratulate each other on the occasion of Ayt, expressing best wishes. Relatives, friends, who are at quarrel, asking for forgiveness, come to reconciliation. Women are busy in the kitchen, setting the table, preparing holiday meal. Neighbors visit each other's homes; they wish health to master of the house and congratulate with Oraza Ayt.
    This great holiday should be celebrated with good deeds as well. Thus, it is necessary to take care of neighbors; it is desirable to provide charitable support to the poor and needy.
    It should be noted that the holiday Ayt is marked by the month of Shawwal, coming after the holy month of Ramadan. Our Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) called his followers to keep fast in the month of Shawwal and talked about the greatness of this good cause. He said: "Whoever fasts the month of Ramadan and then follows it with six days of fasting in the month of Shawwâl, it will be as if he had fasted the year through." Fasting in the month of Shawwal may be kept any day of the month. It can be kept continuously, day after day, or be interrupted. However, after Ayt it should be observed fully and timely.
     Congratulations on Holy Ramadan Ayt! Oraza Ayt kabyl bolsyn! ("Blessed Eid").
13.09.2010 - On Saturday most Muslim countries will celebrate Eid ul-Fitr - the holiday of breaking the fast, which marks the end of an exhausting fasting of Ramadan. Print E-mail
    During the entire month Muslims abstained from eating, drinking, smoking and entertainment in the daytime.
    As a rule, the holiday of breaking the fast is celebrated for three or four days, beginning with the first day of the Islamic month shaval. In the first day a special common prayer is made. Then a festive meal is organized, RIA Novosti report.
    In the days of the holiday Muslims give gifts to relatives and friends, give charity to the poor, visit the graves of their ancestors. It is customary to buy new clothes to children. Leaders of Muslim countries exchange formal greetings.
    Business life is ceased almost for a week: banks are closed, Exchange, government agencies, schools and colleges are not operating.
    Typically, the day of the Eid ul-Fitr is defined by special commissions established in each country. In particular, members of these commissions should fix the appearance of a thin crescent of the new Muslim month shaval on the sky.
    Therefore, the advent of the holiday in different countries can begin on different days. Muslims of Libya, for example, this year began to celebrate Eid ul-Fitr on Friday.
    The Royal Court of Saudi Arabia also announced Saturday the first day of breaking of the fast. On Saturday, the Muslims of majority of Arab countries as well as Iran, Malaysia and Indonesia are finishing fasting.  
Source: IA News-Kazakhstan  
09.09.2010 - KAZINFORM - Today in Kazakhstan, as well as throughout the world, Oraza Ait - Eid al-Bayram - one of the most important religious holidays for every Muslim, marking the end of the holy month of Ramadan is celebrated. Print E-mail
     The holiday is directly linked with the ideas of spiritual perfection and good deeds. It is usually celebrated by good deeds, taking care of neighbours and compassion to the needy.
     Four days before the holiday a thorough cleaning at home, court rooms, sheds, clean of animals begin. After cleaning, all the family members should bathe, put on clean clothes and fix up. In the evening the hostess cooks traditional Oriental dishes. Children carry them to their relatives; there is a mutual exchange of treats. This custom is called “there must be a smell of food in the house”. 
     Before the holiday they try to purchase foods and gifts, decorate and upgrade their homes. New curtains, bedspreads for furniture, festive clothing is bought. In advance money is collected for charity to the poor so that after receiving it they could also prepare for the celebration.Before the holiday people must forgive each other insults, try to visit their relatives and friends and ask them for forgiveness. On the first day of the holiday common prayers in the mosque are made. And then the Imam declares to believers that the fasting is really over. But before that every Muslim should pay a special charity Sadakat-ul-Fitr. This is the final step for taking the perfect fasting by Almighty. It is obligatory for every Muslim, obtaining the property in excess of his basic needs.      A Muslim tradition says that giving charity was devised by the Prophet himself, saying: “Fasting of Ramadan is hanging between heaven and earth, until God’s servant will not give his due charity”. The head of the family pays this charity for himself, spouse, children, and servants, if there are any.
05.09.2010 - KAZINFORM Today Muslims of the whole world meet Laylat al-Qadr Night of Determination. Print E-mail
Night of Determination (Arabic لَيْلَةِ الْقَدْرِ‎‎), also Laylat al-Qadr, Night of al-Qadr, Night of Qadr – a holiday in Islam celebrated on the 27th night of Ramadan in honour of opening to Muhammad the first surah of Koran in 610 in cave Hira of Jabal an-Nur mountain.
On this night, according to Islamic sources, angel Jabrail appeared before praying Muhammad, and pointing to the scroll, said: “Recite!” (Koran!).
The Night of Determination is celebrated at the end of the ninth month of Ramadan. In the Night of Determination it is customary to ask God’s forgiveness for committed sins and read Koran. It is believed that this night fates of people for the next year are written. Therefore, Muslims are encouraged to celebrate the Night of Determination with prayers.

11/08/2010 - In 2010 the Holy Month of Ramadan for Muslims begins on August 11 and it will continue until September 9. Print E-mail
Month of Ramadan (in Arabic "blessed") for Muslims is one of the most honorable and requires strict observance of fasting.
Adherents of Islam, within thirty days from the first lights of sun till sunset observe fasting, abstaining from eating, drinking and all worldly concerns, and focusing on serving the Creator.
Ramadan is the 9th month of the Muslim Lunar Calendar. It is in this month angel Jibril read the first Divine Revelation to the Prophet Muhammad. This significant event occurred when Muhammad retired to the cave in the Hira Mountain, nor far from Mecca. Revelations obtained by him in that day became the basis of the Koran - the holy book of Islam.
Ramadan is a part of the Lunar Calendar and its beginning is the appearance of the new moon. The Lunar Calendar is 11 days shorter than the Gregorian, so each year Ramadan begins 11 days earlier than in the previous year.
This period is marked for Muslims by a special service to the Creator: during the holy month, Muslims observe fasting prescribed by the Shariah (Divine Law). Fasting (Arabic Saum, pers. Roosa, Turkic Uraza) during Ramadan is obligatory for every Muslim, allowing him to strengthen his faith and self-discipline, following closely the orders of Allah.
From sunrise till sunset a fasting abstains from eating, drinking, smoking, sexual intimacy and tries to keep his tongue from profanity, and soul - from impure thoughts.
After sunset Muslims break their fast. Typically, the dish during the Iftar (breaking the fast after sunset) is a very small portion of food - according to the Sunnah is an odd number of dates. Then the evening prayer Maghrib is said, after which comes a turn for the full meal. In many countries, Iftar (meal, which breaks fast after sunset) is served in mosques and cooked by believers to enjoy food together.
Fasting in Ramadan may be not observed by only pregnant and lactating women, seriously ill people, children, people, who are engaged in heavy work or at the time on the road, soldiers who participate in military actions. However, these reasons do not exempt them completely from the observation of fasting - they will need to observe it at another time.
Muslims around the world prepare for Ramadan long before its occurrence: women buy food and products, men are busy buying clothes and gifts for the holiday meeting. Muslims honestly believe that Allah can absolve a man, if he spends time in reading prayers and commits acts of charity, for example, helps the needy, contributes money to charity. According to legend, Allah also frees a certain number of souls from the hell.
The 27th night of Ramadan is particularly important - "Laylat al-Qadr" ("Night of Power", or "Night of Predestination"), when Allah decides people's fates. During Ramadan, Muslims contribute most of the time to reading the Quran and remembrance of Allah (Dhikr). In addition to the five everyday prayers, every night of fasting Muslims make an additional prayer (tarawih) after the fifth prayer.
During Ramadan, many believers also make the pilgrimage to Mecca.
The first ten days of the month represents the reception of the grace of Allah, the second - the absolution from sins, and the third symbolizes the salvation from Hell.
The last ten days of Ramadan are the holiest of all, so Muslims are often more earnest in acts of worship.
The End of Ramadan and fasting is marked with the second most important of all Muslim holidays - Eid al-Fitr (translated from Arabic - the Festival of Fast-Breaking, in Turkic - Uraza Bairam), begining at sundown on the last day of Ramadan and the continuing first and second days of next month Shawal. It begins with a prayer led by Imam.
After prayers the imam asks Allah to accept the fasting, forgive sins and give prosperity. Then Muslims have a festive meal and give alms to the poor, and visit the graves of their ancestors. Joint prayers and sermons often followed by various festivities: children take part in games; sweets are distributed to all who wish; theatrical performances are shown in the streets; songs and cheers are heard everywhere. Muslims believe that if a believer fasted during Ramadan, Allah will grant him mercy above.
In Muslim countries during Ramadan business activity is markedly reduced, working hours are reduced, religious sentiment is increased, and everyday life is shifted to the evening and night.
Source: IA News-Kazakhstan

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