|About Congress of leaders of world and traditional religions|
President of our country Nursultan Nazarbayev as the Head of State and politician, in full measure realizing the increased role of the religion in the society, put forward the initiative of holding a forum of world and traditional religions in the capital of the Republic of Kazakhstan - city of Astana. Earlier the organizers of similar events were only representatives of leading religions and denominations. Among other similar events aimed at establishing interdenominational dialogue were the meetings of representatives of world religions and denominations held in Italian city Assisi in October 1986 and January 2002.
By the idea of the President of Kazakhstan the dialogue between the leaders of world and traditional religions formed on common aspects and exact information on each other opens wide prospects for mutual cooperation and contributes to overcoming such negative manifestations of our time as violence, fanaticism, extremism and terrorism. The dialogue of the religions as the conceptual idea of the First Congress and means of disputes settling was opposed to methods of violence and terror in the interdenominational and interethnic relations.
The aim of the First Congress was search of universal guidelines in world and traditional forms of the religion, creation of permanent international interdenominational institute for realizing the religious dialogue and accepting coordinated decisions.
Between the Forum participants an open exchange of opinions on the role of the religion in modern world and the universal nature of main moral values relating to any religion took place, where the problems concerned with revelation of conflict reasons on religious ground, necessity of improving interreligious harmony, mutual respect to each other, ability to learn on the traditions of other people were raised.
At the First Congress a decisive step has been made towards concord strengthening and establishing a constructive dialogue between civilizations, confessions, countries and peoples. It was noted that the interreligious dialogue is one of key means of social development and improvement of the well-being of all peoples.
By the results of the Congress the delegates came to opinion that the religious dialogue should be profound and be based on the dialectics.
The Forum which became a special and memorable event, again demonstrated its urgency and necessity of realizing the idea of cooperation and unity of representatives of various religions in the name of peaceful and worthy life of the people of the whole world. The idea of the Congress was supported by such influential peace politicians as C.Annan, G. Bush, M.Tetcher, Tzyan Tzemin, N.Mandella, J d'Esten, M.Gorbachev and others.
By the results of the Forum the Declaration was accepted, in which the spiritual leaders declared about realization of joint actions on safeguarding of peace and progress for the mankind and provision of stability in the society as the basis of harmonious world in the future.
The success of the event was consolidated by the decision of the I Congress to hold the interreligious forum on a regular basis - no less than once every three years. By this decision, Kazakhstan has been granted the honor of organizing the Second Congress of leaders of world and traditional religions in the capital of the Republic of Kazakhstan - city of Astana. Also Kazakhstan was commissioned with developing all aspects connected with the creation of the Secretariat of the Congress.
On September 12-13, 2006 in Astana the Second Congress of Leaders of World and Traditional Religions chaired by the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan N. Nazarbayev took place. The Congress was held in the new building "Palace of Peace and Reconciliation", built specially for realization of the Forum.
The Congress was held with the general subject: "Religion, society and international security" in two directions: "Religious freedom and respect to followers of other religions" and "Role of religious leaders in the strengthening of international security".
On the first day of the Forum "The Principles of interreligious dialogue" were accepted, where basic components by which the participants of the Forum were guided in the course of the Forum work found their reflection.
In the reports of the Forum participants words of gratitude to the address of the Republic of Kazakhstan, its President for the organization of the Forum of Religions where the religious dialogue as a means of disputes settling was opposed to the methods of violence and terror in interdenominational and international relations have sounded.
By the results of the Congress its participants adopted joint Declaration calling representatives of all religions and ethnic groups to non-admission of conflicts on the basis of cultural and religious differences. This document reflects in full the global need in replacement of "opposition ideology" by "culture of peace".
By unanimous consent of all Forum participants it was decided to hold the next Third Congress of Leaders of World and Traditional Religions in Astana in 2009.
In conclusion of the Forum all religious leaders and guests of honor headed by the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan N. Nazarbayev went to the hall upstairs in the Palace of Peace and Reconciliation where they left memorable notes under their own portraits. In the future these notes with the portraits of the delegates of the Second Congress and their report theses will be published in a book.